Garbage is an important ecological problem. The household wastes (or rubbish) are called garbage. Every household produces a lot of garbage (or wastes) daily. This garbage includes left-over food, fruit and vegetable peels, fallen leaves of potted plants, waste paper, unwanted plastic objects (such as plastic bottles, polythene bags, toys, etc.), glass articles (like glass bottles, broken window panes, etc.), metal objects (like aluminium foils, rusted iron grills, etc.), old wooden objects, rags (old, torn clothes), discarded shoes, and sewage. Some of the garbage (or waste) is biodegradable whereas a major part of it is nonbiodegradable. If the household garbage or waste is not disposed of properly, it can pollute the environment like soil, water and air.
'Disposal of waste' means 'to get rid of waste'. The disposal of waste should be done in a scientific way. There are different methods of waste disposal. The method to be used depends on the nature of the waste. Some of the important modes of waste disposal are:
(ii) Preparation of compost
(v) Sewage treatment
Efficient waste managing helps in reducing and avoiding unpleasant impact on the environment and human health, while allowing financial development and progress in the quality of people’s life.
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